Non-tariff trade measures (NTMs) are the policy measures that are different from the custom tariffs and may impact Dubai exports. In particular, they may affect the price of exported goods by adding non-ad valorem fees. Countries apply NTMs to protect consumers’ health or they use it as protectionist measures. The purpose of this report is to present and analyze the structure and importance of NTMs in top 10 export and re-export partners of Dubai. In general, countries mainly apply technical measures on imported products. And local businesses can do something to meet the requirement of these NTMs and export their products. However, for re-exported goods traders have to find suppliers who already met the requirement of NTMs. Therefore, this report presents NTMs separately for Dubai exports and re exports.
The Harmonized System (HS) is an international nomenclature for the classification of products and all countries classify traded goods on a common basis for customs purposes. At the international level, the Harmonized System (HS) for classifying goods is a 6-digit code system and related products are grouped under single HS code and called product line.
The HS comprises approximately 5,300 article/product descriptions and in 2018 Dubai exported and re-exported to the world 2,410 and 4,747 product lines respectively.
NTM distribution by country
NTMs faced by Dubai exporters in top 10 destinations
In 2018, the top 10 countries accounted for 48% of total Dubai exports to the world. The largest export partner was India with 9% share of total Dubai exports to the world in 2018, followed by Oman (9%), Turkey (8%), KSA (5%), Kuwait (4%) and other countries
In 2018, Dubai exports to India amounted AED11.5 billion and 22% of these exports were subject to NTM. In 2018, Turkey and KSA were the 3rd and 4th largest export partners of Dubai, and more than 90% of Dubai exports to these countries were subject to NTM.
In the same year, Dubai exported to Singapore AED 2.9 billion products and only 9% of these exports were subject to NTM
The calculations indicate that Dubai exporters may face less NTMs in India, Oman and Singapore
In 2018, the top 10 countries accounted for half of Dubai re-exports to the world. KSA was the largest re-export partner of Dubai with 9% market share, followed by India (7%), Switzerland (7%), Hong Kong (7%), Oman (5%) and others
In 2018, Dubai re-exports to KSA amounted AED34.6 billion, of which 89% were subject to NTM. The calculations indicate that almost all top 10 re-export partners issued NTMs for more than 75% of Dubai re-exported products to these countries, excluding Hong Kong (20%), Oman (36%) and Kuwait (49%). In particular, almost all reexported products (99%) to China were subject to NTM in 2018.
Most of the EU countries, such as Switzerland, Belgium and the UK, issued NTMs for more than 90% of Dubai re-exported products.
Dubai re-exporters may face less NTMs while exporting to Hong Kong, Oman and Kuwait.